Aaron Burr - Wikipedia
In the election, Thomas Jefferson, left, and Aaron Burr each received had occurred in incumbent John Adams' presidency and was convinced with London that would restore the ties between America and Britain that. It consisted of brilliant leaders like John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and others. But it was also marked by division: mainly division between . Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr and the American Way of Treason In July , Burr famously shot and killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel. Marshall had been appointed by lame duck president John Adams and confirmed.
After the election, Burr turned his back on national politics. Reelected to the New York State Assembly, he supported a progressive commercial agenda that included road and bridge charters, tax reform, liberal banking practices, and debtor relief. Burr had the connections and the political savvy to mobilize support in the northern states.
Soon after assuming office, the new vice president wrote his Republican colleague a long, confidential letter. In the spring ofelections were held for the New York State Assembly.
Aaron Burr | Thomas Jefferson's Monticello
Aaron Burr took charge of the Republican campaign and developed a well-balanced slate of candidates. Jefferson and Burr had each received 73 electoral votes, with no specification as to office. Consequently, the election was turned over to the House of Representatives, where lame-duck Federalists would control the outcome. Some Federalists wanted to bargain with Burr and make him the new president. I take it for granted that Mr. B would not only gladly accept the office, but will neglect no means in his power to secure it.
Nine states were needed for an absolute majority. The first ballot produced eight states for Jefferson and six states for Burr. Delegates from two states were divided among themselves and submitted no votes. The same pattern continued until the thirty-sixth ballot, when Federalists from four states abstained from voting and Jefferson earned the majority that he needed for election.
In MarchJefferson and Burr were inaugurated as president and vice president. In recording the meeting, Jefferson remembered his early encounters with Burr. Madison against trusting him too much. Once more, Burr turned to state politics to redeem his career.
In the spring elections ofhe campaigned unsuccessfully for the governorship of New York. Burr asked Hamilton for denial of the report and, when not satisfied, challenged Hamilton to a duel. On July 11,the two men met at a dueling ground in Weehawken, New Jersey. In the exchange of gunfire, Hamilton was fatally wounded.
1800 United States presidential election
Under indictment in New York and charged with murder in New Jersey, Burr spent the next few months traveling quietly in the Deep South. Charges against Burr would later be dropped. Burr oftener to his house within this three weeks than ever he did in the course of the same time before. In Aprilhe launched the first of two journeys into the American West. Traveling down to New Orleans and then up to St. Louis, Burr met with leading citizens, recruited followers, and established supply lines.
Was he planning an invasion of Mexico, or perhaps plotting a revolution to separate the western states from the Union? He was reluctant to believe the letters. Not until the autumn of did Jefferson receive reports that caused serious concern. When Postmaster General Gideon Granger notified Jefferson in October of certain revelations concerning Burr, the president called a meeting of his department heads.
In Januarythe House of Representatives called on the president for further information.
He surrendered himself to civil authorities in Mississippi on January 18, Absolved of charges by a Mississippi grand jury, but required to remain in the territory, Burr absconded and was retaken a month later in Alabama. Under escort, he was brought to Richmond, Virginia, for trial. Marshall immediately made clear that the burden of prosecution rested with the executive branch of the government.
Accordingly, the Jefferson administration proceeded vigorously with the collection of evidence. Pennsylvania also switched to legislative choice, but this resulted in an almost evenly split set of electors.
Thomas Jefferson subpoenaed in Aaron Burr’s treason trial
Virginia switched from electoral districts to winner-take-all, a move that probably switched one or two votes out of the Federalist column. Voting[ edit ] Results by county explicitly indicating the percentage of the winning candidate in each county. Shades of blue are for Jefferson Democratic-Republican and shades of yellow are for Adams Federalist. Because each state could choose its own election day invoting lasted from April to October.
In April, Burr's successful mobilization of the vote in New York City succeeded in reversing the Federalist majority in the state legislature to provide decisive support for the Democratic-Republican ticket. With the two parties tied 63—63 in the Electoral College in the autumn ofthe last state to vote, South Carolina, chose eight Democratic-Republicans to award the election to Jefferson and Burr. Under the United States Constitution as it then stood, each elector cast two votes, and the candidate with a majority of the votes was elected president, with the vice presidency going to the runner-up.
The Federalists therefore arranged for one of their electors to vote for John Jay rather than for Pinckney. The Democratic-Republicans had a similar plan to have one of their electors cast a vote for another candidate instead of Burr, but failed to execute it, thus all of the Democratic-Republican electors cast their votes for both Jefferson and Burr, 73 in all for each of them. According to a provision of the United States Constitution, a tie in a case of this type had to be resolved by the House of Representativeswith each state casting one vote.
Although the congressional election of turned over majority control of the House of Representatives to the Democratic-Republicans by 68 seats to 38,  the presidential election had to be decided by the outgoing House that had been elected in the congressional election of at that time, the new presidential and congressional terms all started on March 4 of the year after a national election.
In the outgoing House, the Federalists retained a majority of 60 seats to While it was clear that the electors had cast their votes for Jefferson and Burr, the certificate did not take the constitutionally mandated form of a "List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each".
The counting of the votes would have failed to result in a majority of 70 votes for any of the four candidates, causing a constitutionally mandated Congressional runoff among the top five finishers. Instead, the total number of votes for Jefferson and Burr was 73, a majority of the total, but a tie between them.
Adams picked up votes in Pennsylvania and North Carolina, but these votes were not enough to offset the Democratic-Republican gains elsewhere.
- Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr and the Election of 1800
- Aaron Burr
- Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr and the American Way of Treason
Of the counties and independent cities making returns, Jefferson and Burr won in