Ashoka and bindusara relationship trust

Maurya Empire - Wikipedia

ashoka and bindusara relationship trust

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The kumara was assisted by Mahamatyas and council of ministers.

Maurya Empire

This organizational structure was reflected at the imperial level with the Emperor and his Mantriparishad Council of Ministers.

The expansion and defense of the empire was made possible by what appears to have been one of the largest armies in the world during the Iron Age.

Having renounced offensive warfare and expansionism, Ashoka nevertheless continued to maintain this large army, to protect the Empire and instil stability and peace across West and South Asia. For the first time in South Asiapolitical unity and military security allowed for a common economic system and enhanced trade and commerce, with increased agricultural productivity.

The previous situation involving hundreds of kingdoms, many small armies, powerful regional chieftains, and internecine warfare, gave way to a disciplined central authority.

Farmers were freed of tax and crop collection burdens from regional kings, paying instead to a nationally administered and strict-but-fair system of taxation as advised by the principles in the Arthashastra.

The Life and Achievements of Ashoka

Chandragupta Maurya established a single currency across India, and a network of regional governors and administrators and a civil service provided justice and security for merchants, farmers and traders. The Mauryan army wiped out many gangs of bandits, regional private armies, and powerful chieftains who sought to impose their own supremacy in small areas. Although regimental in revenue collection, Maurya also sponsored many public works and waterways to enhance productivity, while internal trade in India expanded greatly due to new-found political unity and internal peace.

The Khyber Passon the modern boundary of Pakistan and Afghanistanbecame a strategically important port of trade and intercourse with the outside world. Greek states and Hellenic kingdoms in West Asia became important trade partners of India. Trade also extended through the Malay peninsula into Southeast Asia. India's exports included silk goods and textiles, spices and exotic foods. The external world came across new scientific knowledge and technology with expanding trade with the Mauryan Empire.

Ashoka also sponsored the construction of thousands of roads, waterways, canals, hospitals, rest-houses and other public works. The easing of many over-rigorous administrative practices, including those regarding taxation and crop collection, helped increase productivity and economic activity across the Empire.

Both had extensive trade connections and both had organizations similar to corporations. While Rome had organizational entities which were largely used for public state-driven projects, Mauryan India had numerous private commercial entities. Between his accession to the throne in B. This leads historians to believe that there was a war of succession which ended in the victory of Asoka.

But, the Buddhist legends about his cruelty and about his killing of as many as 99 brothers do not seem to possess historical substance. Inscriptional evidences also indirectly suggest that some of his brothers served as his viceroys in prominent places like Taxila, Tosali, Ujjayini, and Suvaranagiri and were called as the Kumaras and Aryputras.

Chandragupta, Ashoka and the Maurya Empire - World History - Khan Academy

According to Mahavamsa, Asoka even appointed his youngest brother Tishya as the Uparaja or the Deputy king. The traditions maintain that Asoka captured the throne with the support of the ministers of the late monarch headed by the chief minister, Radhagupta also mentioned as Khallataka. After coming to the throne and having consolidated his power after four years by coronation, Asoka found himself the all-powerful ruler of a great empire extending from the Kabul valley to the Brahmaputra, and from the Himalayas to the Godavari-Krishna basin and Mysore in the south.

In the west, the empire touched the Arabian Sea. The empire also included inaccessible areas in the north, such as Kashmir and Nepal.

The Life and Achievements of Ashoka

That Asoka ruled over the Himalayan territories is proved by the existence of his inscriptions at Mansehra in Hazara district, at Kalsi in Dehra Dun district, at Rummindei in the Nepal Tarai and at Rampurva in north Bihar.

The empire of Asoka, thus, was an all-India empire, except for the territories of the Chodas, Pandyas, Satyaputra and Keralaputra in the Tamil land of the far south. But, this empire of Chandragupta, Bindusara and Asoka did not include a prominent land which was just adjacent to the heartland of the Maurya Empire, namely, Magadha.

For Twelve years after accession and especially for eight years after coronation Asoka ruled the empire as a strong ruler with absolute power in his command. He lived the usual life of a great king in pomp, splendour and pleasure. He did not fight any external war, though he had the power for aggression. He also had no fear of invasion from outside Greek Kings with whom there were diplomatic relations from the time of his father.

During the first twelve years of his rule he was busy in internal administration. Obviously his position became stronger and stronger since his coronation. When Asoka had thus enjoyed his unlimited imperial authority for long, he decided to invade Kalinga. He was closely assisted in his administrative duties by his younger brother, Vithashoka and a group of trusted ministers, whom Ashoka consulted before adopting any new administrative policy. The most important members of this advisory council included the Yuvaraj Crown Princethe Mahamantri Prime Ministerthe Senapati generaland the Purohita priest.

He adopted a paternalistic view on administration and proclaimed "All men are my Children", as evident from the Kalinga edict. He also expressed his indebtedness to his subjects for bestowing with their love and respect, and that he considered it his duty to serve for their greater good. His kingdom was divided into Pradesha or provinces which were subdivided into Vishyas or subdivisions and Janapadas, which were further subdivided into villages. The central province, Magadha with its capital at Pataliputra was the administrative centre of the empire.

Each province was granted partial autonomy at the hand of a crown prince who was responsible for controlling the overall law enforcement, but the emperor himself retained much of the financial and administrative controls. These provincial heads were altered from time to time to prevent any one of them exerting power over a long period of time.

He appointed several Pativedakas or reporters, who would report to him the general and public affairs, leading the king to take necessary steps.

ashoka and bindusara relationship trust

Although Ashoka built his empire on the principles of non-violence, he followed the instructions outlined in the Arthashastra for the characters of the Perfect King. He introduced legal reforms like Danda Samahara and Vyavahara Samahara, clearly pointing out to his subjects the way of life that is to be led by them. The overall judicial and administration were overseen by Amatyas or civil servants whose functions were clearly delineated by the Emperor.

The Akshapataladhyaksha was in charge of currency and accounts of the entire administration. The Akaradhyaksha was in-charge of mining and other metallurgical endeavours. The Sulkadhyaksa was in charge of collecting the taxes. The Panyadhyaksha was controller of commerce. The Sitadhyaksha was in charge of agriculture. The emperor employed a network of spies who offered him tactical advantages in diplomatic matters.

The administration conducted regular census along with other information as caste and occupation.

ashoka and bindusara relationship trust

He was perhaps the first emperor in history of India who tried to establish a Buddhist polity by implementing the Dasa Raja Dharma or the ten precepts outlined by Lord Buddha himself as the duty of a perfect ruler. They are enumerated as: To be liberal and avoid selfishness 2.

To maintain a high moral character 3. To be prepared to sacrifice one's own pleasure for the well-being of the subjects 4. To be honest and maintain absolute integrity 5. To be kind and gentle 6. To lead a simple life for the subjects to emulate 7. To be free from hatred of any kind 8.

Ashok: A Short Biography of Ashoka the Great of India | Owlcation

To exercise non-violence 9. To practice patience To respect public opinion to promote peace and harmony Based on these 10 principles preached by Lord Buddha, Ashoka dictated the practice of Dharma that became the backbone of his philanthropic and tolerant administration.

Dharma was neither a new religion nor a new political philosophy. It was a way of life, outlined in a code of conduct and a set of principles that he encouraged his subjects to adopt to lead a peaceful and prosperous life. He undertook the propagation of these philosophies through publication of 14 edicts that he spread out throughout his empire.

No living being were to be slaughtered or sacrificed.