Describe outcomes management and its relationship to fitness

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describe outcomes management and its relationship to fitness

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Recent clarifications, designed to help employers better understand how to integrate incentive strategies into a wellness program, have done nothing but scare employers to the point of immobilization. Nobody wants to do anything that might get them in trouble with the law so more companies are suffering from program paralysis by legal analysis. Employers have been scared away from discussing outcomes-based incentives altogether but this does not have to be the case.

Outcomes-based wellness incentive programs can be a fun and effective part of every wellness program. Yes, there are some basic guidelines, such as be nice to people, use carrots instead of sticks to motivate people, and make participation in your wellness program voluntary. Once you start forcing people to comply or punishing them because of non-compliance, morale will suffer, health will not improve, and it is very unlikely that healthcare costs will be reduced.

Here are the basic rules that any wellness program should follow: Let me shed a little additional light on one of these rules. WellSteps has hundreds of clients using our wellness solutions and incentive programs.

This is just not what nice people do! It includes activities that are selected by the wellness coordinator and the wellness committee within each company. Every plan is customized to each particular company.

It is extremely important that the wellness committee have input and ideas that are adopted as part of this process so they get a sense of ownership over the incentive strategy.

describe outcomes management and its relationship to fitness

Recommendations for tests to be used in schools and other educational settings are provided as well. The focus of this report is on the potential health-related components of physical fitness: There are many types of physical activities, such as exercise physical activity with the purpose of improving fitnesssports, dance, and recreational activities.

Box and Appendix B provide the committee's operational definitions of physical fitness and other terms used throughout the report.

SOLUTION: Outcomes Management and its relationship to Fitness - Health & Medical - Studypool

Fitness tests are conducted for several purposes for both individuals e. The ultimate purpose, however, is to improve the health and physical performance of individuals, as well as the population as a whole.

describe outcomes management and its relationship to fitness

As noted above and described in detail later in this report, fitness surveys have been conducted in the United States at both the national and state levels. Similarly, other countries have developed fitness test batteries and conducted national surveys see Chapter 2. Early national fitness tests included items commonly described as skill-related fitness, as well as items focused on health-related fitness. Since the first national fitness test was developed inappropriate items for inclusion in fitness test batteries have been the subject of debate.

Work 4 Wellbeing Tackling Work Fitness, Absence, Performance and Outcomes

The first national health-related physical fitness test was developed in AAHPERD,and since then there has been increased emphasis on defining the relationship of fitness items to health. While measures of performance-related fitness are designed to evaluate a person's capability to carry out certain physical tasks or activities, the focus of health-related fitness testing is on concurrent or future health status. The measurement of health-related fitness in youth is the focus of this report.

As more sophisticated research and statistical methods, computer technologies, and data management systems have emerged, the link between fitness tests and health has been more firmly established.

Nevertheless, there is more to be done. This report is based on a systematic review of the literature designed to answer key questions concerning fitness and health in youth. The committee was asked to be attentive to the practicality of the recommended tests and to discuss considerations and pros and cons for these tests.

The specific questions posed in the committee's statement of task are shown in Box An ad hoc committee will recommend physical fitness test items for assessment of youth fitness components that are associated with health outcomes.

Outcomes-based Wellness Programs

The recommended items will be suitable for inclusion in a national survey of fitness more The committee members had extensive expertise in fitness and physical activity and were selected specifically for their knowledge of youth health issues, body composition and maturation, and motor coordination; methodologies for developing fitness measures related to health; physical education, physical activity, and fitness in schools; and national fitness surveys. Many committee members also are familiar with the various fitness test batteries that have been used throughout history and in different countries and that have responded to specific situations and purposes.

Committee members are knowledgeable as well about the many factors e. Because the statement of task also requested that the committee be mindful of practical considerations when selecting fitness tests for use in the field, many of the committee members have practical experience with implementing fitness test batteries.

In addition to its members' extensive knowledge of fitness and health, the committee drew on other sources to inform its decisions about the selection of fitness test items. A major resource for inferring relevant associations between specific fitness test items and health markers in youth was a systematic review of the peer-reviewed scientific literature, designed and conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC and encompassing the period Further detail on the conduct of this review is presented in Chapter 3.

For two fitness components—cardiorespiratory endurance and musculoskeletal fitness—the committee received the results of the review in the form of abstracted tables along with the full articles, and then selected the articles to review in depth based on its assessment of the quality of the research.

Although articles on flexibility were not coded separately in the literature review, the committee reviewed several studies focused on the other fitness components that included a flexibility measure.

A systematic review of the literature with respect to body composition also was not conducted because, even though this component is frequently included in fitness test batteries, its relationship to health is well known. Although the committee did not participate in the design of the literature review, members had ample opportunities to interact with the CDC in order to understand the nature of the review.

Outcomes management: an interdisciplinary approach to improving patient outcomes.

The CDC literature review also did not include integrity and feasibility studies. The committee conducted further literature searches and reviews in other areas, for example, to assess the integrity of specific fitness tests or to complement the CDC's systematic review.

describe outcomes management and its relationship to fitness

In addition, the committee drew on the work and experience of other organizations and countries to the extent that this information is available to the public.

The committee also benefited from expert presentations during an open session on November; the agenda for this open session is in Appendix A.

Presenters had extensive experience in the development of fitness test batteries and in the associations of fitness with metabolic risk factors and body composition.

describe outcomes management and its relationship to fitness

Other presenters had experience in implementing and interpreting results of a battery of fitness tests in the field, providing the committee with insight into feasibility considerations and challenges encountered at the time of test implementation.

The main purpose of this report is to identify fitness measures that are associated with health markers in youth and that are also practical in a field setting. To accomplish this purpose, the committee agreed on various concepts and on a general conceptual framework that guided its decisions.

Before reviewing the literature, the committee decided on a stepwise process for identifying the best test items for each fitness component.

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As will be obvious from the description in Chapter 3the literature review was designed to provide information about potential associations of fitness tests with health markers or risk factors and outcomes in youth as opposed to those that might be seen later in life. For that reason, the majority of health issues explored during the review were health markers or risk factors for a disease and not health outcomes per se, as most health conditions or diseases do not manifest until adulthood.

As is clear from the discussion throughout the report, studies that follow youth into adulthood are infrequent. Since the s, moreover, organizations and relevant government agencies have focused their efforts on the health benefits of physical activity among youth rather than on fitness, which was the focus prior to the s.