Morale definition and relationship with productivity

Correlation Between Productivity & Morale |

morale definition and relationship with productivity

Staff morale is the collection of attitudes and feelings an employee has in the attitude; Productivity; Daily decisions; Workplace safety; Relationships with. Relationships between morale, ability, training, and experience are linked to productivity .. We create a function to define morale and productivity. Generally it is considered that there is a direct relationship between Morale and Productivity. It is assumed that the person having high morale.

Morale refers to the attitude of a person towards his work and environment while motivation is a process to inspire people. Motivation is an inner feeling which energizes a person to work more for satisfying his unsatisfied demands.

Relationship between Morale and Productivity | Management Education

Motivation revolves round needs and incentives while morale will determine the willingness to co-operate. Moral is related to the combination of various factors operating at work but motivation concerns to the job only.

Motivation helps in mobilizing energy while morale is concerned with the mobilization of sentiments. Morale reflects the attitude of employees towards their work, it will be of interest to know if it has any bearing on productivity.

A number of research studies reveal that there is no direct relationship between morale and productivity.

  • Morale: Definitions, Types and Factors Affecting Morale
  • Relationship between Morale and Productivity
  • Correlation Between Productivity & Morale

High morale may lead to higher productivity but in some cases production may go down even. It is generally felt there is a positive relation between morale and productivity but the degree may not be the same. For example, 10 per cent increase in morale may lead to higher productivity but production may not necessarily increase by 10 per cent. Miller and Form have given four combinations of productivity and morale viz: The first situation occurs when the individual is satisfied from the job and prevailing environment.

He will try to achieve high standards of performance which will lead to higher productivity. In the second situation low productivity and high morale the employee may be satisfied from his work and situations prevailing, showing high morale. Lack of proper teaching of the employee, lack of administrative skill of the supervisor, defective materials, out-dated technology may lead to low productivity in-spite of high morale.

In the third-situation, management may use strict supervision, prescribe punishments for low productivity and use better technology for raising productivity in-spite of low morale.

Morale: Definitions, Types and Factors Affecting Morale

The fourth situation occurs where factors obtained in combination of high productivity high morale are lacking. There is a complexity of relationship between morale and productivity.

morale definition and relationship with productivity

This relationship cannot always be predicted. It may differ from organization to organization and from one time to another time. The employee morale is a very complex phenomenon and is influenced by many factors. Different authors like McFarland. Roach and Apple white name given different criterion for the determination of morale.

On the basis of all these classifications, the important factors in the determination of levels of morale are as describe below: The first factor affecting the employee morale is the organization itself. The public reputation of an organization may build up for better or worse, their attitudes towards it. The Nature of Work: The nature of the work, the worker is expected to perform also affects his attitude towards the job as well as his morale.

If the employee is expected to perform routine or specialized jobs, he will feel bored and alienated.

What Impacts Morale in an Organization?

Repetition of the same task again and again makes the working situation worse for the employees. Another factor is the large impersonal organizational structure. Sometimes, if the employee feels that he is just a cog in the machine instead of a person, his morale will become very low.

Lack of understanding of organizational goals may also affect the morale. Another factor which causes low morale is the assembly line operations moving at a constant speed. The Level of Satisfaction: The level of satisfaction, a worker derives from his job is another determinant of morale.

morale definition and relationship with productivity

If the job factors and the satisfaction they bring is perceived to be favourable by the employee morale will tend to be higher than if there factors seem to be unfavourable. The job factors include the factors such as opportunities for promotions, job security, steadiness of employment, opportunities to learn the job and to use his own ideas, pay working conditions, recognition, cooperativeness of co-workers, group relationship etc.

The Level of Supervision: The level of supervision received by an employer has a tremendous influence on his morale. High rate of employee turnover indicates that the leadership is ineffective. On the other hand, if employees are given freedom to do the job, their morale will be high.

Nobody likes to be supervised all the time. The answer to this question influences the attitudes of the employees to the organizational enuronment. How an employee perceives himself, is a very important question. It is much easier to get along with others when you feel that you are happy at your job and all is right in the world. When employees are not busy fighting one another, they have more time to actually do their jobs. Respect When employers treat their employees with respect, they not only improve morale, but they also help employees treat their customers and other employees with respect.

Managers or bosses of companies set the entire tone for the workplace with their behavior. When they show respect and their employees do the same for those they interact with, the entire company can change. Sales go up, and employees feel appreciated and apply themselves to their jobs. Retaining Skilled Workers One issue with productivity is a lack of skilled workers. Companies with low retention rates typically have several employees in training or at different stages of knowledge for their positions.

Companies with high morale retain their employees longer. They don't have to lose time for training, and the employees who are there know what is expected of them and know how to do their jobs effectively and in less time than someone who is just starting out.