Medusa in Myth and Literary History
Poseidon is the Greek god of the sea, storms, earthquakes, droughts, floods and horses. him not only in the ways of the ocean, but also to achieve a higher level of skill over his Trident. Relationship with Demeter Furious with Poseidon and Medusa, Athena turned Medusa and her two sisters who had helped her. As I mentioned before, I have had relations with the sea god, Poseidon (or as some of you Romans call him, Neptune). He was the ruler of the oceans and the . Medusa was one of three sisters born to Phorcys and Ceto known as the Gorgons. Submissions · Needed Content · Style Guide · Terms & Conditions · Join the Team of collecting contributions for the marriage of Hippodamia, who tamed horses. At the beheading of Medusa, Pegasus and Chrysaor ( Poseidon's and her.
Mair Greek poet C3rd A. Her he made his bride, queen of the sea, and for their tidings he commended his kindly attendants and bestowed on them exceeding honour for their portion. Grant Roman mythographer C2nd A. Eratosthenes and others give the following reason for the dolphin's being among the stars.
Amphitrite, when Neptunus [Poseidon] desired to wed her and she preferred to keep her virginity, fled to Atlas. Neptunus sent many to seek her out, among them a certain Delphin, who, in his wandering s among the islands, came at last to the maiden, persuaded her to marry Neptunus, and himself took charge of the wedding.
In return for this service, Neptunus put the form of a dolphin among the constellations.
Evelyn-White Greek epic C8th or 7th B. Conway Greek lyric C5th B. And he saw his father's dear wife, august ox-eyed Amphitite, in the lovely house; she put a purple cloak about him and set on his thick hair the faultless garland which once at her marriage guileful Aphrodite had given her, dark with roses [presumably as a wedding gift].
Aldrich Greek mythographer C2nd A.
Myth Man's Medusa the Gorgon
From them he brought back the ring of Minos and a crown. Trypanis Greek poet C3rd B. Jones Greek travelogue C2nd A. So she turned, the story runs, into a mare, and grazed with the mares of Ogkios [in Arkadia]; realising that he was outwitted, Poseidon changed into a stallion and enjoyed Demeter.
At first, they say, Demeter was angry at what had happened, but later on she laid aside her wrath and wished to bathe in the Ladon. Demeter, they say, had by Poseidon a daughter, whose name they are not wont to divulge to the uninitiated, and a horse called Areion. In the Iliad there are verses about Areion himself: This Despoine the Arkadians worship more than any other god, declaring that she is a daughter of Poseidon and Demeter.
Despoine is her surname among the many, just as they surname Demeter's daughter by Zeus Kore. Beyond the grove [of the sanctuary] are altars of Hippios Horse Poseidon, as being the father of Despoine. The Phigalians accept the account of the people of Thelpousa about the mating of Poseidon and Demeter, but they assert that Demeter gave birth, not to a horse but to Despoine, as the Arkadians call her. Afterwards, they say, angry with Poseidon and grieved at the rape of Persephone, she put on black apparel and shut herself up in this cavern for a long time.
But when the fruits of the earth were perishing, and the human race dying yet more through famine, no god, it seemed, knew where Demeter was hiding, until Pan, they say, visited Arkadia. He was the ruler of the oceans and the father to my child, Pegasus, a magnificent, white winged horse. You must recall that I was mortal, unlike my sisters, and was able to procreate. I was the victim of Poseidon and then Athena.
I can recall exactly what happened on that exact day, that awful day You scared me, goodness. What are you even doing here? I should have known he was trouble. I had heard all of the rumors about how Poseidon tried to sleep with everyone of all sexes. I clumsily stepped backwards as he moved toward me.
Don't be so shy. You are one of the most beautiful creatures I have ever seen. My love, come sit right here with me. A feminine variant, po-se-de-ia, is also found, indicating a lost consort goddess, in effect the precursor of Amphitrite. Poseidon carries frequently the title wa-na-ka wanax in Linear B inscriptions, as king of the underworld. The chthonic nature of Poseidon-Wanax is also indicated by his title E-ne-si-da-o-ne in Mycenean Knossos and Pylos a powerful attribute earthquakes had accompanied the collapse of the Minoan palace-culture.
In the cave of Amnisos Crete Enesidaon is related with the cult of Eileithyia, the goddess of childbirth. The "Two Queens" may be related with Demeter and Persephoneor their precursors, goddesses who were not associated with Poseidon in later periods. The violated Demeter was Demeter Erinys furious. Her xoanon of Phigaleia shows how the local cult interpreted her, as goddess of nature.
A Medusa type with a horse's head with snaky hair, holding a dove and a dolphin, probably representing her power over air and water. Linear B represents an archaic Greek dialect.
Their religious beliefs were mixed with the beliefs of the indigenous population. It is possible that the Greeks did not bring with them other gods except ZeusEosand the Dioskouroi.