Jamal Malik (character) | Revolvy
Jamal Malik or Alex Wollf (Hindi is the main character of the film Slumdog Millionaire. In the beginning of Slumdog Millionaire, Jamal is playing cricket with Salim and .. Landa Bazar (Urdu: لنڈا بازار , English: 'Flea Market') is a Pakistani whilst also trying to build a relationship with his fiancée, Zohra ( Farah Shah). In this regard, Slumdog Millionaire refers to three urban/ The film's presentation of Jamal and Salim dwarfed by the scale of new and formal, market-driven urbanism. In the . the relationship between cinematic and urban spaces. David. This article proposes that the film Slumdog Millionaire depicts a key moment in the history of India — the The film's presentation of Jamal and Salim dwarfed by the scale of new on a massive scale, as proposed in market-driven millennial manifestoes for . the relationship between cinematic and urban spaces. David.
Indeed, the place of their birth has been turned into a from conditions of modernity to postmodernity. This article giant construction site, with new buildings rising everywhere argues that Slumdog Millionaire constructs an urban narrative in various stages of completion. Bombay to Mumbai in terms of large-scale redevelopment. Dharavi, Lake Castle, and Victoria Terminus. It symbolizes urban renewal Bombay into Mumbai. Before the city was renamed Mumbai on a massive scale, as proposed in market-driven millennial in it went by a number of names.
A Summary of Recommendations. Dharavi made recognizable by its sewer. Lake Castle, Hiranandani Gardens, Powai. During the high noon of the British Empire name changes, and the reinvention of urban landmarks. Slums made up of vernacular zopad- of social space — may provide a cultural foil against which to patti shacks existed in close proximity to cooperative hous- investigate sociological and cultural phenomenon operating ing societies, chawls midrise, single-room tenementsSlum at the urban level.
According explore the mutually dependent relationship between urban to Mehrotra, the static city consists of mapped and named histories and their cinematic constructs. By contrast, the main public space that appears in Slumdog An important event propelling the growth of the city was Millionaire — indeed, the setting where its lovers are ulti- the outbreak of the American Civil War in The war dis- mately reconciled — is Victoria Terminus.
Far from establishment of a new Indian supply chain, which created being a destination for lovers, it has served as a landmark of a cotton boom in the city. By the settlement in Historical view of Bombay, looking northwards, with the University buildings and High Court in center and the Maidan beyond. Victoria Terminus can just be seen in the extreme top right-hand corner of the print. The Prince of Wales Museum is shown in the right foreground.
Meanwhile, Victoria Terminus closed a ing campaign resulted in the construction of army barracks, north-south axis which connected to the Gateway of India. A product of the Back Bay reclamation At the center of the Frere plan was the Maidan Esplanadeproject, Marine Drive comprised a retaining wall that marked a large open area. It was bordered on its east by monumental a sharp land-sea boundary, a promenade next to the retaining Gothic Revival style buildings — the Secretariat, University wall, and a vehicular boulevard east of the promenade.
It commissioned and the Arabian Sea: Public Works Department since But it also became monument in colonial Bombay, but it held an important posi- a place of increasing ethnic and political tension. An east-west axis connected the Town Hall on the eastern ty.
At the time, this area bordered on the Arabian Sea. Compare to aerial view in Figure 4. Also shown are the two axes created by the Frere plan, which originally intersected at Flora Fountain renamed Hutatma Chowk. Maps A and B by Mitchell C.
Map C by Nichols Warnet and author. These renaming in as part of an effort by nativists to decolonize, parties have attempted to rename other important features renationalize, de-Islamicize, and reterritorialize it as part of a of the city so they too would align symbolically with Maha- Maharashtrian-Hindu cultural sphere, cleansed of Muslims, rashtrian nationalist views.
For example, at a state ceremony on March 4,has had a variety of names. The city that aji Terminus. Indeed, it marked the ascendance of a nativist political aire? For this answers to a series of questions on the show. By contrast, logical meanings.
However, before in an anti-Muslim riot. On December 6,in an effort ing that she will be watching, he manages to become a con- to restore the site to its supposed original, pre-Islamic past, testant. All these factors create spatial hurdles for Jamal the city of Muslims, poor people, and migrants.
Slumdog Millionaire Review
Eventually, he transcends is thus closely tied to the planned transformation of the city, them all, and the two lovers are reunited at Victoria Terminus. But in the absence of home, Slumdog Millionaire constructs Bombay and Mumbai as two family, or the social network of their former slum, the trio — distinct urban paradigms that produce different social condi- Jamal, Salim and Latika — become trapped in a child crime tions.
But by jumping a train and leaving the city, they also Mumbai as a regional neonativist construct that attempts to become separated from Latika. Prior to the the memory of Latika, and the brothers agree to return to s, the lack of socio-spatial polarization along class, eth- Bombay to rescue her. By then, however, the city is being no-linguistic, or religious lines secured its status as the most transformed into Mumbai.
Follow- reference to two spatial transformations. Subsequently, however, Salim rapes ond involves a class struggle over access to public spaces. It is also a place cleansed of slums slum. Salim has risen to become a suc- interacting with the poor. However, as the southern parts of Bombay developed in the nineteenth century, Dharavi was transformed into a squatter settlement for migrants.
At the time its northern location was marginal to patterns of settlement in the city. Today Dharavi is an extremely complex, vibrant area that combines a variety of land uses, including housing, retail, f i g u r e 7. Drawing by Nicholas Swank. Mean- overly simplistic; the reality of activity there is much more while, its zopadpatti housing stock, though spatially inventive complex in both cultural and socioeconomic terms.
The median loor area per house is square and economic interests have intersected in complex ways to feet 10 square meterswhich represents 24 square feet 2. Typically, it is a on its redevelopment potential, the Dharavi Redevelopment measure used in government planning to control population Project DRP was launched in Conceived as a public- densities based on the carrying capacity of infrastructure. These employment for around a quarter of a million people, and to would be developed by separate international companies, 16 TDSR In the process, Jamal and the rehouse the slum dwellers, and provide amenities and infra- other children assert themselves as citizens of the kinetic city.
Slumdog Millionaire Review - corrosion-corrintel.info
At its beginning, Jamal is squatting in a shanty out- developers have typically been allowed an FSI of 2. In other house at the end of a dilapidated wooden pier. While there, words, they might build 2. Because Jamal nal lot area, on condition they rehouse the original residents of has taken too long, losing Salim the fee he wanted to charge the area for free in space equal to 1.
They might thus sell another user, Salim locks Jamal in the latrine before joining the additional 1. Covered in feces, he pushes his way through the ants. In the case of Dharavi, however, the slum-rehabilitation crowd however. In theory, silhouettes where chimney mill stacks, skillfully crafted allowing an increased FSI should provide existing residents Gothic towers, skyscrapers, shanty settlements, and vernacu- with materially upgraded modern highrise housing, piped lar dwellings all coalesce to form the many layered palimpsest water, sanitary waste disposal, drainage, and green parks.
Existing their proximity to one another. It is by no means an equitable place, but the And it is this urban narrative that Slumdog Millionaire seeks proximity of slums to privileged neighborhoods seems to un- to express.
In the class war between the kinetic and static cit- derscore its resilience. The slumdog Jamal does not have access to the Castle project designed by the architect Hafeez Contractor. But these there, even if this means defecating in a public latrine and conditions are not without a certain joie de vivre. Two epi- inhabiting a slum. In one, a police constable chases Jamal differences. But it then shows the brothers being driven from and his friends; in the other, Jamal is able to obtain the signa- their home by Hindu rioters.
And it dramatizes the event as ture of the Bollywood superstar Amitabh Bachchan. To the soundtrack of A. It is meant to drive out Muslims, man and M.
As the camera rises Bombaywallahs [Bombay residents]. But during the riot sequence, building. It represents the complete opposite of the environ- the difference between Hindus and Muslims is easily dis- ment the brothers grew up in.
India their habitus and community, the brothers are forced to seek is at the center of the world now, bhai [brother]. They turn to scavenging am at the center of the center. The rise of neoliberal urban policies After several years of separation, the reunion between Jamal also led to the privatization of infrastructure services that were and Salim is shown to take place on an empty loor in a high- formerly the province of the state, to the implementation of rise under construction on the site of the slum in which they large-scale development through public-private partnerships, lived as children.
They include FSI-incentivized slum rehabilita- ism — a city in which lines of demarcation between classes tion discussed earliera repeal of the Urban Land Ceiling have obtained clear expression through architectural barriers. It separates a parcel of land from these rights, The scene in which Jamal is reunited with Latika is also and then allows their transfer to other locations if the original immediately preceded by one in which he is framed against parcel is unbuildable to its full FSI or if it is valued for other the backdrop of one of the most famous icons of postmod- purposes.
The privatization of housing supply and the intro- ern Mumbai — Lake Castle, a highrise housing block de- duction of such new mechanisms was supposed to increase the signed by the architect Hafeez Contractor and built in supply of housing in Mumbai to match high demand.
In prac- f i g. The use of the build- bai was 1. It pro- balconies, and segmental arches. Indeed, at meters long, jected that only a block-by-block demolition and rebuilding of it evokes the image of an ocean liner on the banks of Powai Mumbai to an FSI of 3. Its a public-private alliance and a campaign of foreign direct postmodern architecture, many layers of security, new spaces investment to attract the enormous amount of capital needed of consumption such as a mall, bowling alley, go-kart track, for new housing and infrastructure.
You can either chide the film, at this point, for relinquishing any claim to realism or you can go with the flow—surely the wiser choice. For example, Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian gave the film three out of five stars, stating that "despite the extravagant drama and some demonstrations of the savagery meted out to India's street childrenthis is a cheerfully undemanding and unreflective film with a vision of India that, if not touristy exactly, is certainly an outsider's view; it depends for its full enjoyment on not being taken too seriously.
The movie unfolds in a start-and-stop way that kills suspense, leans heavily on flashbacks and robs the movie of most of its velocity. By then, it's just a little too late. Reactions from India and the Indian diaspora to Slumdog Millionaire Slumdog Millionaire has been a subject of discussion among a variety of people in India and the Indian diaspora.
Some film critics have responded positively to the film.
Jamal Malik (character)
At the same time, others objected to issues such as Jamal's use of British English or the fact that similar films by Indian filmmakers have not received equal recognition.
A few notable filmmakers such as Aamir Khan and Priyadarshan have been critical of the film. Author and critic Salman Rushdie argues that it has "a patently ridiculous conceit. All the bad elements of Mumbai commercial cinema are put together and in a very a slick way. And it underlines and endorses what the West thinks about of us. It is falsehood built upon falsehood. And at every turn is fabricated.