The Triglyceride/HDL Cholesterol Ratio
Correlation between Cholesterol, Triglycerides, Calculated, and Measured Lipoproteins: Whether Calculated Small Density Lipoprotein Fraction Predicts. (In fact, there is usually a “see-saw” relationship between triglyceride and HDL cholesterol levels — the higher the one, the lower the other.). Triglycerides and cholesterol are both fatty substances known as lipids. But, triglycerides are fats; cholesterol is not. Cholesterol is a waxy, odorless substance.
You'll have to fast before blood can be drawn for an accurate triglyceride measurement.
HDL (Good), LDL (Bad) Cholesterol and Triglycerides
What's the difference between triglycerides and cholesterol? Triglycerides and cholesterol are different types of lipids that circulate in your blood: Triglycerides store unused calories and provide your body with energy.
Cholesterol is used to build cells and certain hormones. Why do high triglycerides matter?
High triglycerides may contribute to hardening of the arteries or thickening of the artery walls arteriosclerosis — which increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and heart disease. Extremely high triglycerides can also cause acute inflammation of the pancreas pancreatitis. Pure cholesterol cannot mix with or dissolve in the blood.
High Triglycerides Vs Bad Cholesterol | Everyday Health
Therefore, the liver packages cholesterol with triglycerides and proteins in carriers called lipoproteins. The lipoproteins move this fatty mixture to areas throughout the body. An elevated triglyceride level increases the risk of heart disease. When are triglyceride levels measured?
Triglyceride levels are usually measured whenever you have a blood test called a Lipid Profile. Everyone over age 20 should have their cholesterol checked at least every 5 years. Your healthcare provider can check your cholesterol and triglyceride levels by taking a sample of blood, which is sent to a lab for testing.
Triglycerides & Heart Health
For many different reasons, lowering LDL-C has become a primary goal in cardiovascular prevention. There is substantial evidence available suggesting a relationship between LDL-C and the risk of coronary heart disease. Medical professionals usually recommend lifestyle measures that lower LDL-C and statins cholesterol-lowering drugs are used by millions of people worldwide for the sole purpose of lowering LDL-C numbers.
It is important to understand that it is lipoproteins that interact with the arterial wall and initiate the development of atherosclerosis.
Triglycerides: Why do they matter? - Mayo Clinic
Cholesterol is only one of many components of lipoproteins. Relying on LDL-C alone can be misleading. These individuals produce very low-density lipoproteins VLDL and intermediate density lipoproteins IDL which may increase the risk of atherosclerosis.
With the increasing prevalence of overweight, obesity, and the metabolic syndrome this ratio may become even more important because high TG and low HDL-C is often associated with these disorders. You can also multiply your ratio by 2. However, this method is not universally available, is expensive, and has not been widely applied in clinical practice.