Wheezing and pneumonia: a complex relationship. - Abstract - Europe PMC
Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Dec 16, , M.E. Soto-Martinez and others published Wheezing and pneumonia: A complex relationship. Wheezing and pneumonia: A complex relationship. Visits. Download PDF. M.E. Soto-Martineza, A. Hoepkerb, M. Soto-Quirosb. a Research and Clinical. Asthma and pneumonia share some important symptoms, such as shortness of breath may receive a portion of revenues if you make a purchase using a link above. Asthma can make breathing difficult and cause coughing and wheezing .
A total of patients were recruited in the pneumonia group and 55 controls. Wheezing and the use of bronchodilators were more prevalent in the pneumonia group than in the control group, however this is to be expected as the control group consisted of patients with no respiratory conditions urinary tract infections and gastroenteritis.
Past medical history of asthma or wheezing was not a risk factor for pneumonia. Although interesting, the results of this study should be interpreted carefully.
The main limitations of the study, as mentioned by the authors, are the retrospective nature of the study, and also the lack of microbiologic data e.
Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the leading bacterial aetiology of community-acquired pneumonia CAP in childhood, especially in young children. This study is in agreement with other studies showing an increased immune response to M.
The other bacterium to consider is Chlamydia pneumoniae, as it has an innate ability to persist inside host cells causing chronic infection. It has been shown that C. Although a clear association exists between viral and atypical bacterial infections with asthma, the precise mechanisms are not fully understood. What is still uncertain is the relationship between asthma and typical bacterial infections such as Streptococcus pneumoniae.
It has been reported that individuals with asthma will have an increased risk of invasive pneumococcal disease.
Pneumonia Symptoms, Causes, and Risk Factors
This same group of investigators studied the association between asthma and the risk of developing Streptococcus pyogenes infection of the upper respiratory track in children. They found that patients with asthma have an increased incidence of S. It appears that there is a strong association between viral infections and atypical infections in the development of asthma or chronic respiratory symptoms. It is likely that infections which occur early in life in association with other factors e.
Longitudinal studies are needed to determine if there is a link between genetic, environmental and infective factors, and the development, persistence and prevention of asthma. Bacterial coinfections in children with viral wheezing.
Perspectives on the burden of pneumonia in children. Pneumonia research to reduce childhood mortality in the developing world. The Journal of Clinical Investigation. Farha T, Thomson AH. The burden of pneumonia in children in the developed world. Coote N, McKenzie S. Diagnosis and investigation of bacterial pneumonias.
Maximizing the usefulness of imaging in children with community-acquired pneumonia. Wheezing and respiratory infections in Brazilian children: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics.
Wheezing and pneumonia: A complex relationship - PDF Free Download
Clinics in chest medicine. The impact of viral respiratory infection on the severity and recovery from an asthma exacerbation. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. If necessary, a CT chest scan can get a more detailed look at lung function.
Checking your mucus can also help your doctor determine what type of pneumonia you have. Asthma requires both short-term treatment and long-term management. In most cases, doctors can treat and cure pneumonia within a short time. Treating asthma Asthma is a chronic disease that requires ongoing management. You should get treatment for symptom flare-ups quickly. An acute asthma attack is a life-threatening medical emergency.
If you can identify symptom triggers, you can try to avoid them. Allergy medications may also help. You can also check your lung function with a handheld peak flow meter. If you have severe asthmayou may need to use daily medications to prevent attacks.
These may include inhaled or oral corticosteroids, long-term beta-2 agonists such as salmeterol Severent Diskusor sublingual tabletswhich are a type of immunotherapy.
Shop for a peak flow meter to use at home. Home care should include getting plenty of rest, drinking lots of fluids to loosen phlegm, and using over-the-counter OTC medications to control fever. These medications may include aspirin Bayeribuprofen Advilnaproxen Naprosynor acetophenazine Tylenol.