The relationship between biodiversity and the rapidly expanding research and policy field of ecosystem services is confused and is damaging efforts to create. The biodiversity-ecosystem services relationship is a hot topic in science but to explore the relationship between soil biodiversity and ecosystem services, .. mutualism: An interaction between two organisms in which both partners benefit. Ecosystem services (ES) are an increasingly popular policy Equivalent syntheses for the relationship between biodiversity and ES, especially.
New advances in Natural Capital Accounting may allow for a better understanding of the links between species, environmental sustainability, and economic activity. What are species accounts? Species accounts track and measure the status of species over time, looking at their abundance or, if there is insufficient data, looking at some other measure that can act as a proxy for abundance, like the extent of suitable habitat for particular species or species groups.
How are species accounts different from the kind of population counts that conservationists might do? The utility of accounting for species within the System of Economic-Environmental Accounts — Experimental Ecosystem Accounting SEEA-EEA framework is that is makes it easier to communicate about the state of a species or group of species, and then to aggregate and analyze trends in the context of economic activity, ecosystem condition and services.
Ideally, the accounts link statistics on species with wider statistics on ecosystems, economics, land use and society. What can we learn by linking data on biodiversity and data on economics? Why is this important? Species accounts can really contribute to our understanding of interactions between the economy and the environment.
They allow us to identify how well a species is doing, and how economic activity might be degrading ecosystems and driving species loss. The accounts help highlight the different trade-offs between development and losses in the number of species. This is useful because species have benefits far beyond the conservation angle. We know that having a range of species is important for healthy ecosystems.
This is due to the variety of functional roles that species perform, for example they accumulate biomass, pollinate plants, cycle nutrients and disperse seeds. This has crucial implications for quantity and quality of services delivered by ecosystems that support rural livelihoods, health and wellbeing and provide food security. The abundance and variety of species in a given space is an indication of the ability of ecosystems to provide these benefits, which may be affected and lost due to economic activities that lead to land use change or degradation.
For example, the entire population of a given tree species might provide the global service of carbon sequestration, whilst regional populations of the same tree species might provide a water filtration service that benefits local communities Luck et al. Kremen extended the SPU concept and proposed identifying key Ecosystem Service Providers ESP and suggested defining ESPs in terms of their functional traits and how the dynamics of functional groups of species may impact service provision.
Links between biodiversity and ecosystem services
This was extended by Kremen et al. This produced a more nested approach to the understanding of service functions and processes and offered a detailed categorisation of outputs and their relationship to human well-being.
By using examples from existing literature, they provided a classification specifying the type of ecosystems concerned, the ecological unit providing the service or SPU, its attributes and a response measure to describe the relationship between the components of biodiversity and the level of service provision.
They focus on three concepts: The resulting interconnections between biodiversity and ecosystem services have then been analysed using network analysis to explore the possibility of reducing the complexity by revealing different typologies of relationships. The BESAFE systematic review revealed that species level traits benefit a number of ecosystem services, with species abundance being particularly important for pest regulation, pollination and recreation, and species richness for timber production and freshwater fishing.
Functional traits, such as richness and diversity, also displayed a predominantly positive relationship across ecosystem services, most commonly discussed for atmospheric regulation, pest regulation and pollination.
Finally, community-level attributes, particularly community and habitat area, were important for improving the services of water quality regulation, water flow regulation, mass flow regulation and landscape aesthetics.
The findings show that most of the biotic attributes identified in the review have a beneficial impact on ecosystem service delivery. Their contribution is related to three different clusters of attributes. These tend to have beneficial impacts on a particular group of regulating services: The second cluster focuses on the presence or abundance of particular species or functional groups.
This is particularly important for the provision of freshwater fishing, timber, species-based recreation, pollination and pest regulation; a number of species-level traits such as size or predation behaviour are important for determining which are the most effective contributors to the ecosystem service.
A third cluster, though less commonly discussed, comprises diversity-related indicators: Diversity is shown to be important for a wide range of services, including timber production, atmospheric regulation, pest regulation and pollination. Only a few biotic attributes were found to have a negative impact on ecosystem service provision. Do our definitions of biodiversity capture the essence of the strategies aiming at biodiversity protection? What criteria and indicators are needed?
What is the effect of scale? What is the carrying capacity of an ecosystem to provide services? Are there benchmark-values for measuring maximum sustainable use levels? Are there possible critical thresholds? There is still a lack of empirical data on the link between biodiversity and ecosystem services, as well as testing of concepts e.
Key messages Human well-being : The relation between biodiversity and ecosystem services improves our understanding of how biodiversity contributes to human well-being. Information on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem services can help to determine carrying capacity and sustainable use levels, which is essential information for sustainable ecosystem management.OK Institute for Biodiversity, Resilience & Ecosystem Services
Awareness about the importance of biodiversity for the provision of ecosystem services is crucial for good governance and vice-versaand for encouraging integration of biodiversity conservation in sectoral policies. Collection of new, empirical data and data-storage on the relation between biodiversity and ecosystem services, can help to improve the use of ecosystem services to highlight dependency of markets, and businesses, on biodiversity and make them aware that protecting biodiversity and its supporting ecosystems can give a competitive edge for European SMEs and companies as well as regions.
Link between biodiversity and ecosystem services | Openness Project
Quantifying the evidence for biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning and services. Linking biodiversity and ecosystem services: The links between biodiversity and ecosystem services.
The role of biodiversity in supporting ecosystem services in Natura sites. Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Towards an assessment of multiple ecosystem processes and services via functional traits. Biodiversity and Conservation Linking functional diversity and social actor strategies in a framework for interdisciplinary analysis of nature's benefits to society. Database and operational classification system of ecosystem service — natural capital relationships.
Linkages between biodiversity attributes and ecosystem services: Searching for the place of biodiversity in the ecosystem services discourse.
- There was a problem providing the content you requested
- Building a Better Understanding of Links Between Biodiversity and the Economy
Valuing ecosystem services on the basis of service-providing units: