High blood pressure | Prevention - American Kidney Fund (AKF)
of kidney disease based on the presence of kidney treatment is based on your stage of kidney disease. . your blood pressure under control can help to. High blood pressure can damage blood vessels in the kidneys, reducing their . mass index (BMI) —a measurement of weight in relation to height—of 25 to High blood pressure can be both a cause of kidney disease and a symptom of You can take steps to control your blood pressure and prevent kidney disease. . If you are overweight, losing just a few pounds can make a big difference.
Most of those with hypertension have no obvious cause for it. Some groups, for example those from Afro-Caribbean racial backgrounds, are more prone to developing high blood pressure.
What is the link between blood pressure and kidney disease? Their ability to regulate hormones which influence the tension in blood vessels. As well as removing waste products from the blood, the kidneys play a key role in controlling blood pressure.
Exactly how remains the subject of ongoing research studies, but contributory factors include: Their role in controlling the amount of salt and water in the body. So high blood pressure is particularly common in patients with kidney disease. High blood pressure harms damaged kidneys. In many patients with kidney problems controlling high blood pressure is the most important step towards reducing the risk of further kidney damage.
It also reduces the risk of cardiovascular problems such as heart attacks and strokes that can occur in anyone with high blood pressure. Hypertension is both an important cause and consequence of kidney disease. In some patients it can be difficult to determine which came first. What are the symptoms? The only reliable way of finding out your blood pressure is to have it measured. Only rarely does very high blood pressure cause symptoms such as headaches, shortness of breath, nosebleeds, and blurred vision.
How important is it to treat high blood pressure? If high blood pressure goes unnoticed and treatment is not given, patients with kidney disease are more likely to develop progressive kidney failure. If left untreated, high blood pressure can increase the risk of a heart disease and stroke. What can I do? Excess salt in the body may also increase blood pressure, so it is sensible to minimise the amount of salt taken in.
Reduce weight if overweight being overweight increases blood pressure. Quit smoking — raises blood pressure and adds to damage to arteries. Lower Cholesterol — high cholesterol also damages arteries. How can it be treated? A number of different drugs which lower blood pressure are available: If either number is too high, your blood pressure is high.
High Blood Pressure & Kidney Disease
Ask your doctor what your blood pressure should be and how often you should check it or have it checked. Follow a heart-healthy diet What you eat and drink can affect your blood pressure.
- Blood pressure and kidney disease
- The Renin-Angiotensin System and Blood Pressure Control
- Kidney disease
Choose foods that are low in salt sodium and fat to help keep your blood pressure in a healthy range. Use these tips to get started: Limit salt Do not add salt to your food when cooking or eating. Try cooking with fresh herbs, lemon juice or spices. Choose fresh or frozen vegetables instead of canned. If you do use canned vegetables, rinse them with water before eating or cooking them.
This helps to remove extra salt. Avoid processed foods, such as frozen dinners and lunch meats. Limit fast food and salty snacks, such as chips, pretzels and salted nuts. Limit foods that are pickled or preserved, such as pickles and olives.
Limit fat Choose lean meats or fish. Remove the skin and trim the fat off of your meats before you cook them. Bake, grill or broil your foods instead of frying them.
Shop for fat-free or low-fat dairy products, salad dressing and mayonnaise.
Try olive or canola oil instead of vegetable oil. Choose egg whites or egg substitute instead of whole eggs.
Keep Your Kidneys Healthy – Control Your Blood Pressure
Talk to a dietitian about other ways to limit salt and fat in your diet. Your doctor can help you find a dietitian in your area. Medicare and private insurance policies may cover your appointment with a dietitian. Control diabetes Having both diabetes and high blood pressure can increase your chances of getting kidney disease. If you have diabetes, work with your doctor to manage it. Click here to learn more about diabetes and kidney disease. Control your cholesterol Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance in your blood.
Having high cholesterol and high blood pressure makes it more likely that you will have kidney disease, heart disease or a stroke. High cholesterol can also make kidney disease get worse faster. There are two types of cholesterol you should pay attention to: For most people, normal cholesterol levels are: Triglycerides are a type of fat in your blood.
For most people, a healthy triglyceride level is less than Talk with your doctor about what your cholesterol and triglycerides levels should be and how you can control them.
Do not smoke or use tobacco Using tobacco smoking or chewing can make high blood pressure and kidney problems worse. If you use tobacco, quitting can help lower your chance of getting kidney disease or help prevent your kidney disease from getting worse if you already have it.
Limit alcohol Drinking alcohol in large amounts can make your blood pressure too high. Limiting how much alcohol you drink can help keep your blood pressure under control.
High Blood Pressure & Kidney Disease | NIDDK
Have no more than two drinks per day if you are a man and no more than one drink per day if you are a woman. Keep a healthy weight Keeping a healthy weight can help you control your blood pressure and lower your chances of getting kidney disease. Talk to your doctor about how much you should weigh. If you are overweight, losing just a few pounds can make a big difference.
Exercise most days of the week Exercise can help you control your blood pressure and cholesterol.8.8.2 Blood Pressure Regulation
Exercise can also help relieve stress, another common cause of high blood pressure. To get the most benefit, exercise for at least 30 minutes, five days a week. If that seems like too much, start slowly and work your way up. Look for fun activities that you enjoy. Try walking with a friend, dancing, swimming or playing a sport.
Adding just a little more activity to your routine can help. Be sure to talk to your doctor before starting any exercise program. Return to top How is high blood pressure treated?